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Which of the following compounds undergoes solvolysis in aquoes ethanol most rapidly?

$\begin {array} {1 1} (A)\;\text{Cyclo hexyl bromideabc} & \quad (B)\; \text{3 chloropentane} \\ (C)\;\text{3 iodo 3 methylpentane} & \quad (D)\;\text{methyliodide} \end {array}$

1 Answer

  • Solvolysis is a special type of nucleophilic substitution ($S_N1$) or elimination where the nucleophile is a solvent molecule.
which is more stable so the reaction proceeds rapidly.
3 iodo 3 methylpentane, as it has the best leaving group and provides the most stable carbocation for solvolysis.
Hence, (C) is the right answer.
answered Aug 26, 2013 by sreemathi.v
edited Mar 29, 2014 by mosymeow_1