Surgical methods are also referred to as sterilization and can be done in both male and female partners. Surgical intervention blocks the gamete transport and therefore prevent conception. Sterilization procedure in males is called “Vasectomy‟ and in females “tubectomy‟
In vasectomy, a small part of the vas deferens is tied up through a small incision on the *******. In tubectomy, a small part of the fallopian tube is removed or tied up through a small incision in the abdomen or through ******. These techniques are highly effective but have poor reversibility.