Chat with tutor

Ask Questions, Get Answers

Questions  >>  CBSE XII  >>  Biology

Briefly explain the various reproductive technologies to assist an infertile couple to have children.

1 Answer

The couple can be assisted to have children through certain special techniques commonly known as assisted reproductive technologies (ART).

1. In vitro fertilisation (IVF) : Fertilization outside the body in almost similar conditions as that in the body, followed by embryo transfer (E.T.).

a. Test Tube baby Programme : Ova from the wife/donor female and sperm from husband/donor male are allowed to fuse under simulated condition in the laboratory.

b. ZIFT : Zygote Intra Fallopian Transfer . Zygote or early embryo up to eight blastomeres is transferred into the fallopian tube.

c. IUT : Intra Uterine Transfer :Embryo with more than eight blasomeres is transferred.

2. Gamete Intra Fallopian Transfer (GIFT): Transfer of an ovum collected from a donor to fallopian tube of another female who can not produce ova, but can provide suitable conditions for fertilization and further development of the foetus up to parturition.

3. Intra Cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): The sperm is directly injected into the ovum to form an embryo in the laboratory and then embryo transfer is carried out.

4. Artificial Insemination: This method is used in cases where infertility is due to the inability of the male partner to inseminate the female or due to very low sperm counts in the ejaculates. In this method, the semen collected from the husband or a healthy donor is artificially introduced into the ****** or into the uterus (IUI-Intra uterine insemination).
Help Clay6 to be free
Clay6 needs your help to survive. We have roughly 7 lakh students visiting us monthly. We want to keep our services free and improve with prompt help and advanced solutions by adding more teachers and infrastructure.

A small donation from you will help us reach that goal faster. Talk to your parents, teachers and school and spread the word about clay6. You can pay online or send a cheque.

Thanks for your support.
Please choose your payment mode to continue
Home Ask Homework Questions
Your payment for is successful.
Clay6 tutors use Telegram* chat app to help students with their questions and doubts.
Do you have the Telegram chat app installed?
Already installed Install now
*Telegram is a chat app like WhatsApp / Facebook Messenger / Skype.