# Let $A={a,b,c}$ and the relation $R$ be defined on $A$ as follows: $R= {(a,a)(b,c)(a,b)}$. Write the minimum number of ordered pairs to be ordered pairs to be added in $R$ to make $R$ reflexive and transitive.
$\begin{array}{1 1} 3 \\ 2 \\ 1 \\0 \end{array}$