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- A function $f: X \rightarrow Y$ where for every $x1, x2 \in X, f(x1) = f(x2) \Rightarrow x1 = x2$ is called a one-one or injective function
- A function$ f : X \rightarrow Y$ is said to be onto or surjective, if every element of Y is the image of some element of X under f, i.e., for every $y \in Y$, there exists an element x in X such that $f(x) = y$.

(i) Let $ f:N \to N$ given by $f(x)=x^2$ we see that for $x,y \in N$

Step1: Injective or One-One function:

$f(x)=f(y)$

$=>x^2=y^2$

We take only possitive values for x and y since the function is defined in N

$x=y \qquad x,y \in N$

f is one-one

Step 2: Surjective or On-to function:

Now $ 2 \in N$ but there does not exist any $ x \in N$ such that $f(x)=x^2=2$

since if $x^2 =2 $ we see that squareroot of 2 does not belong to N

Therefore f is not onto

Solution:Hence f is one-one but not onto

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