# $\rho H$ of water is 7.0 at 298 K. If water is heated to 350 K, which of the following should be true?

(a) $\rho OH$ will decrease

(b) $\rho OH$ will increase

(c) $\rho OH$ will remain seven

(d) Concentration of $H^+$ ions will increase but that of $OH^-$ will decrease.

Toolbox:
• Water undergoes self-dissociation, also referred to as self-ionization or autodissociation. $H_2O \rightleftharpoons H^+ + OH^-$
• The concentration of water is essentially constant at any given temperature, and is incorporated into the equilibrium constant: $K_w = [H^+] [OH^-]$
• $K_w$ is called the ion product for water or the dissociation constant for water.
• $K_w$, like all equilibrium constants, is temperature dependent.
• For any given temperature, $[H^+] = [OH^-]$ for water, so water is neutral at all temperatures.
• For any given temperature, $pH = pOH$ for water.
• Water is only $pH$=7 at $25^o C (298K)$
• Water is only $pOH$=7 at $25^o C (298K)$
• $pH + pOH = 14$ is only true at $25^o C$ (298K)
Answer: $pOH$ will decrease.
At 298 K, for pure water $pH = pOH = 7$. On increasing the temperature, the self ionisation of water increases thereby increasing the concentrations of $H_3O^+$ as well as $OH_-$ ions. Consequently, at high temperature, the $pH$ as well as $pOH$ will be < 7.