( a ) Both the words in a biological name, when handwritten, are separately underlined, or printed in italics to indicate their Italian origin.
( b ) The first word denoting the genus starts with a capital letter and the specific epithet also starts with a capital letter.
( c ) The first word in a biological name represents the genus while the second component denotes the specific epithet.
( d ) Biological names are generally in Italy and written in italics. They are Latinised or derived from Latin irrespective of their origin.