**Toolbox:**

- n urn contain m white (W) and n Black (B) balls
- Let \(E_1\)= balls drawn is white in 1\(^{st}\) draw
- \(E_2\)= balls drawn is Black in 1\(^{st}\) draw
- A drawing a White ball in 2\(^{nd}\) draw
- P(A)=P(\(A/E_1\))+P(\(E_2\))P(\(A/E_2\))

P(\(E_1)=\large\frac{m}{m+n}\)

P(\(E_2)=\large\frac{n}{m+n}\)

Now if first ball is drawn is White'k' white ball are added Total balls are m+n+k

P(\(A/E-1\))=P(getting white in 2\(^{nd}\) / 1\(^{st}\) ball drawn is'w')

=\(\large\frac{m+k}{m+n+k}\)

P(\(A/E-2\))=P(getting white in 2\(^{nd}\) / 1\(^{st}\) ball drawn is'b')

=\(\large\frac{m}{m+n+k}\)

P(A)=\(\Large\frac{m}{m+n}\)\(\times\)\(\frac{m+k}{m+n+k}\)\(\times\)\(\frac{n}{m+n}\)\(\times\)\(\frac{m}{m+n+k}\)

=\(\Large\frac{m(m+n+k)}{(m+n)(m+n+k)}\)

=\(\large\frac{m}{m+n}\)

this probability is independent of 'k'