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Two parallel wires carrying equal currents in the opposite directions are placed at $x = \pm$ a parallel to the $y$-axis with $z = 0$. Magnetic field at origin $O$ is $B1$ and at $P (2a,0,0)$ is $B2$. Then the ratio $ \large\frac{B1}{B2}$ is

$\begin {array} {1 1} (a)\;-3 & \quad (b)\;-\large\frac{1}{3} \\ (c)\;-\large\frac{1}{2} & \quad (d)\;2 \end {array}$

 

1 Answer

At origin the fields due to the two wires adds up and the resultant is doubled.
The field is inversely proportional to the distance from the wire.
By drawing the simple diagram of the situation, one can understand that the field at the two places is in the opposite directions.
Hence, the magnitude of the field at the origin is $2B_0$ and at the point $2a$ is $\large\frac{B_0 + B_0}{3} = \large\frac{2B_0}{3}$
Ans : (a)

 

answered Feb 19, 2014 by thanvigandhi_1
edited Sep 19, 2014 by thagee.vedartham
 

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