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Statement - 1: Phenol is more reactive than benzene towards elecrophilic substitution reaction . Statement - 2: In the case of phenol, the intermediate carbocation is more resonance stabilized.

(a) Statement - 1 is true; Statement - 2 is true; Statement - 2 is a correct explanation for statement -1

(b) Statement - 1 is true; Statement - 2 is true; Statement - 2 is not a correct explanation for statement -1

(c) Statement - 1 is true; Statement - 2 is false

(d) Statement - 1 is false; Statement - 2 is true

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Because of +R effect of $ - O - H$ its intermediate cation is most stable than one in benzene.
Statement - 1 is true; Statement - 2 is true; Statement - 2 is a correct explanation for statement -1
Hence a is the correct answer.
answered Feb 21, 2014 by meena.p
 

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