Comment
Share
Q)

# Calculate the electric field produced by the radiation coming from a $100\: W$ bulb at a distance of $3\: m$. Assume that the efficiency of the bulb is $2.5\ %$ and it is a point source.

$\begin {array} {1 1} (a)\;29 V/m & \quad (b)\;4.07 V/m \\ (c)\;2.9 V/m & \quad (d)\;40.7 V/m \end {array}$

Comment
A)
The bulb, as a point source, radiates light in all directions uniformly. At a distance of $3\: m$, the surface area of the surrounding sphere is
$A = 4 \pi^2 = 4\pi(3)^2 = 113 m^2$
$I = \large\frac{power}{area}$$= \large\frac{100 \times 2.5\%}{113}$$ = 0.022 W/m^2$
$\large\frac{1}{2}$$I =\large\frac{1}{2}$$ (\in_oE^2_{rms}c)$
$\Rightarrow \large\frac{1}{2}$$(0.022 W/m^2 ) = \large\frac{1}{2}$$ (\in_oE^2_{rms}c)$
$\Rightarrow E_{rms} = \sqrt{ \bigg[ \large\frac{(0.022)}{(8.85 \times 10^{-12} \times 3 \times 10^8 )} \bigg]}$$V/m = 2.9 V/m$
Since the electric field is sinusoidal, the peak electric field $E_o$ is
$E_o = \sqrt{2} E_{rms}= \sqrt{2} \times 2.9 V/m = 4.07 V/m$