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The dipolemoment of a hydrogen halide $H-X$ is 1.80 and the bond length is 1.5$A^{\large\circ}$.The percentage of ionic character of H-X bond will be :$(e=4.8\times 10^{-10}$e.s.u)

$\begin{array}{1 1}(a)\;40\%&(b)\; 80\%\\(c)\;25\%&(d)\;60\%\end{array}$

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% ionic character =$\large\frac{\mu_{\Large experimental}}{\mu_{\Large theoretical}}$$\times 100$
$\Rightarrow \large\frac{1.8}{1.5\times 4.8}$$\times 100$
$\Rightarrow 25\%$
Hence (c) is the correct answer.
answered Mar 10, 2014 by sreemathi.v
 

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