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Home  >>  JEEMAIN and AIPMT  >>  Biology  >>  Human Physiology
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Identify the enzyme X ? Where it is present? Every 100 ml of deoxygenated blood delivers approximately ___ ml of CO2 to the alveoli

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( a ) carbonic anhydrase, RBCs contain a very high concentration and minute quantities are present in the plasma, 4
( b ) carbonic anhydrase, RBCs , 4
( c ) carbonic anhydrase, plasma contain a very high concentration and minute quantities are present in the RBCs , 4
( d ) carbonic anhydrase, plasma, 7
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(A) is the right answer.

RBCs contain a very high concentration of the enzyme, carbonic anhydrase and minute quantities of the same is present in the plasma too. This enzyme facilitates the following reaction in both directions. At the tissue site where partial pressure of CO2 is high due to catabolism, CO2 diffuses into blood (RBCs and plasma) and forms HCO3– and H+,. At the alveolar site where pCO2 is low, the reaction proceeds in the opposite direction leading to the formation of CO2 and H2O. Thus, CO2 trapped as bicarbonate at the tissue level and transported to the alveoli is released out as CO2 (Figure 17.4). Every 100 ml of deoxygenated blood delivers approximately 4 ml of CO2 to the alveoli.
answered Mar 26, 2014 by pady_1
 

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