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Home  >>  JEEMAIN and AIPMT  >>  Biology  >>  Human Physiology
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Which of the following is not true regarding anatomy of kidney?


( A ) Each kidney of an adult human measures 10-12 cm in length, 5-7 cm in width, 2-3 cm in thickness
( B ) Kidneys are reddish brown, bean shaped structures
( C ) Kidneys are situated between the levels of last thoracic and fourth lumbar vertebra close to the dorsal inner wall of the abdominal cavity.
( D ) Each kidney weighs about 120-170 g.
Can you answer this question?
 
 

1 Answer

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(C) is the right answer.

Kidneys are reddish brown, bean shaped structures situated between the levels of last thoracic and third lumbar vertebra close to the dorsal inner wall of the abdominal cavity. Each kidney of an adult human measures 10-12 cm in length, 5-7 cm in width, 2-3 cm in thickness with an average weight of 120-170 g. Towards the centre of the inner concave surface of the kidney is a notch called hilum through which ureter, blood vessels and nerves enter. Inner to the hilum is a broad funnel shaped space called the renal pelvis with projections called calyces. The outer layer of kidney is a tough capsule. Inside the kidney, there are two zones, an outer cortex and an inner medulla. The medulla is divided into a few conical masses (medullary pyramids) projecting into the calyces (sing.: calyx). The cortex extends in between the
answered Apr 3, 2014 by pady_1
 

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