$\begin{array}{1 1}(A)\;400-300e^{\Large\frac{t}{2}}\\(B)\;300-200e^{\Large\frac{-t}{2}}\\(C)\;600-500e^{\Large\frac{t}{2}}\\(D)\;400-300e^{\Large\frac{-t}{2}}\end{array} $

Let p(t) = y

$\frac{dy}{dt} = \frac{1}{2}t - 200$

$\implies \frac{dy}{dt} - \frac{1}{2} t = -200$

General solution for the above linear equation is

$\begin{align*} y e ^{\int p dx} = \int Q e ^{\int p dx} dx + c\end{align*}$

where $p = \frac{-1}{2}; \; \; \; Q =-200 $

$\begin{align*} y e^{\int-\frac{1}{2} dt} &= \int Q e^{\int -\frac{1}{2 }dt} dt + c \\ \implies y e^{\frac{-1}{2} t}& = -200 \int e^{-\frac{1}{2} dt} + c \\ \implies y e^{-\frac{1}{2} t}& = -200 \frac{e ^{-\frac{1}{2} t}}{-\frac{1}{2}} + c \\ y e^{-\frac{1}{2}t} & = 400 e^{-\frac{1}{2} t} + c \end{align*}$

dividing throughout by $e^{-\frac{1}{2} t}$

$y = 400 + ce^{\frac{t}{2}}$

when $t=0$, $y = 100$

$\implies 100 = 400 + c e^0$

$\implies c = -300$

$\therefore y = 400 - 300 e^{\frac{t}{2}}$

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