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Home  >>  CBSE XII  >>  Math  >>  Matrices
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Use product $ \begin{bmatrix} 1 & -1 & 2 \\ 0 & 2 & -3 \\ 3 & -2 & 4 \end{bmatrix} \begin{bmatrix} -2 & 0 & 1 \\ 9 & 2 & -3 \\ 6 & 1 & -2 \end{bmatrix} $ to solve the system of equations : $ \\ x-y+2z=1 \\ 2y-3z=1 \\ 3x-2y+4z=2 $

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1 Answer

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Toolbox:
  • If $|A| \neq 0, $ then $'A'$ is a non -singular matrix. Then inverse exists
  • $A{-1}=\frac{1}{|A|} adj (A)$
  • $Ax=B => x =A^{-1}B$
Step 1:
Let$A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & -1 & 2 \\ 0 & 2 & -3 \\ 3 & -2 & 4 \end{bmatrix}$ and $B=\begin{bmatrix} -2 & 0 & 1 \\ 9 & 2 & -3 \\ 6 & 1 & -2 \end{bmatrix}$
Now let us find the product AB,by the matrix multiplication.
$AB=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & -1 & 2 \\ 0 & 2 & -3 \\ 3 & -2 & 4 \end{bmatrix} \begin{bmatrix} -2 & 0 & 1 \\ 9 & 2 & -3 \\ 6 & 1 & -2 \end{bmatrix}$
$=\begin{bmatrix} -2-9+12 & 0-2+2 & 1+3-4 \\ 0+18-18 & 0+4-3 & 0-6+6 \\ -6-18+24 & 0-4+4 & 3+6-8 \end{bmatrix}=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$
Hence $ A^{-1}=B$
$(ie)\begin{bmatrix} 1 & -1 & 2 \\ 0 & 2 & -3 \\ 3 & -2 & 4 \end{bmatrix}^{-1}=\begin{bmatrix} -2 & 0 & 1 \\ 9 & 2 & -3 \\ 6 & 1 & -2 \end{bmatrix}$
Step 2:
Now the system of equations of the form $AX=B$
$(ie)\begin{bmatrix} 1 & -1 & 2 \\ 0 & 2 & -3 \\ 3 & -2 & 4 \end{bmatrix} \begin{bmatrix} x \\ y \\ z \end{bmatrix}=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}$
Where $A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & -1 & 2 \\ 0 & 2 & -3 \\ 3 & -2 & 4 \end{bmatrix}\qquad X=\begin{bmatrix} x \\ y \\ z \end{bmatrix}\;and \; B=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}$
we know $A^{-1}B=X$
and $A^{-1}=\begin{bmatrix} -2 & 0 & 1 \\ 9 & 2 & -3 \\ 6 & 1 & -2 \end{bmatrix}$
Therefore $X=\begin{bmatrix} -2 & 0 & 1 \\ 9 & 2 & -3 \\ 6 & 1 & -2 \end{bmatrix} \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}$
$\begin{bmatrix} x \\ y \\ z \end{bmatrix}=\begin{bmatrix} -2+0+2 \\ 9+2-6 \\ 6+1-4 \end{bmatrix}=\begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 5 \\ 3 \end{bmatrix}$
Hence $x=0,y=5$ and $z=3$
Solution : option C is correct
answered Apr 4, 2013 by meena.p
 

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