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Home  >>  CBSE XII  >>  Math  >>  Application of Derivatives
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Using differentials, find the approximate value of each of the following up to $3$ places of decimal. $(i)\;\sqrt{25.3}$

$\begin{array}{1 1} 5.03 \\ 6.03 \\ 8.03 \\ 9.03 \end{array} $

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Toolbox:
  • Let $y=f(x)$
  • $\Delta x$ denote a small increment in $x$
  • $\Delta y=f(x+\Delta x)-f(x)$
  • $dy=\big(\large\frac{dy}{dx}\big)\Delta x$
Step 1:
Let $y=\sqrt x$
$x=25$
$\Delta x=0.3$
$\Delta y=\sqrt{x+\Delta x}-\sqrt x$
$\quad\;=\sqrt{25+0.3}-\sqrt{25}$
$\quad\;=\sqrt{25.3}-\sqrt{25}$
$\quad\;=\sqrt{25.3}-5$
$\sqrt{25.3}=\Delta y+5$-------(1)
Now $dy$ is approximately equal to $\Delta y$
$dy=\big(\large\frac{dy}{dx}\big)\Delta x$
$\large\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{1}{2\sqrt x}$[differentiating y with respect to x]
$dy=\large\frac{1}{2\sqrt x}$$\Delta x$
Step 2:
By substituting the value of $\sqrt x$ and $\Delta x$ we get,
$\Rightarrow \large\frac{1}{2\sqrt {25}}$$\times 0.3$
$\Rightarrow \large\frac{1}{2\times 5}$$\times 0.3$
$\Rightarrow \large\frac{1}{10}$$\times 0.3$
$dy=\large\frac{0.3}{10}$$=0.03$
Substitute the value of $dy$ in equ(1)
$\sqrt{25.3}=5+\Delta y$
$\qquad\;\;=5+0.03$
$\sqrt{25.3}=5.03$
answered Aug 5, 2013 by sreemathi.v
 

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