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If \( \overrightarrow a = \hat i + \hat j + \hat k\: and \: \overrightarrow b = \hat j - \hat k\), find a vector \( \overrightarrow c\) such that \( \overrightarrow a\) x \( \overrightarrow c = \overrightarrow b\: and \: \overrightarrow a.\overrightarrow c=3\)

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  • $\hat i.\hat i=1$
  • $\hat j.\hat j=1$
  • $\hat k.\hat k=1$
Step 1:
$\overrightarrow a=\hat i+\hat j+\hat k$
$\overrightarrow b=\hat j-\hat k$
Given that $\overrightarrow a\times \overrightarrow c=\overrightarrow b$
$\overrightarrow a.\overrightarrow c=3$
Let $c=x\hat i+y\hat j+z\hat k$
$\overrightarrow a\times \overrightarrow c=\overrightarrow b$
$\begin{vmatrix}\hat i&\hat j&\hat k\\1 & 1 & 1\\x& y&z\end{vmatrix}=\hat j-\hat k$
(i.e)$(z-y)\hat i-(z-x)\hat j+(y-x)\hat k=\hat j-\hat k$
Step 2:
Now equating the coefficients we get,
$\therefore z=x-1$
Step 3:
$\overrightarrow a.\overrightarrow c=3$
$\hat i+\hat j+\hat k.(x\hat i+y\hat j+z\hat k)=3$
$\therefore z=x-1,y=x-1$
$\overrightarrow c=\large\frac{5}{3}$$\hat i+\large\frac{2}{3}$$\hat j+\large\frac{5}{3}$$\hat k$
Hence the required vector $\overrightarrow c=\large\frac{5}{3}$$\hat i+\large\frac{2}{3}$$\hat j+\large\frac{5}{3}$$\hat k$
answered Sep 27, 2013 by sreemathi.v

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