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Home  >>  CBSE XI  >>  Math  >>  Probability
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4 cards are drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards.What is the probability of obtaining 3 diamonds and one spade?

$\begin{array}{1 1}(A)\;\large\frac{13C_3\times 13C_1}{32C_4}\\(B)\;\large\frac{13C_2\times 13C_1}{32C_3}\\(C)\;\large\frac{10C_3\times 10C_1}{12C_4}\\(D)\;\large\frac{9C_3\times 10C_1}{32C_4}\end{array} $

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1 Answer

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Toolbox:
  • $nC_r=\large\frac{n!}{r!(n-r)!}$
Step 1:
Given deck of 52 cards
Cards have 13 diamond cards and 13 spades
$\therefore$ Totally 4 cards are to be obtained
$\Rightarrow$ Number of ways selecting 4 cards out of 52 cards
n(S)=$52C_4$
Step 2:
Let E be the event obtaining 3 diamonds and 1 spade
$\Rightarrow n(E)=13C_3\times 13C_1$
$\therefore$ Required probability =$\large\frac{n(E)}{n(S)}$
$\Rightarrow \large\frac{13C_3\times 13C_1}{52C_4}$
Hence (A) is the correct answer.
answered Jul 2, 2014 by sreemathi.v
 

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