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Which are the following statements are correct about White Phosphorus ($\text{P}_4$)?

(1) $\text{P}_4$ is reactive because of its highly strained tetrahedral structure.

(2) $\text{P}_4$ has six P - P single bonds

(3) $\text{P}_4$ has four P - P single bonds

(4) $\text{P}_4$ has four lone pairs of electrons

(5) $\text{P}_4$ has a PPP angle of $60^{\circ}$

$\begin{array}{1 1} \text{Only (1), (2), and (3) are correct} \\ \text{Only (3) is incorrect, while (1), (2), (4) and (5) are correct} \\ \text{Only (4) and (5) are correct} \\ \text{ Only (1), (3), (4) and (5) are correct, while (2) is incorrect}\end{array}$
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Answer: Only (3) is incorrect, while (1), (2), (4) and (5) are correct
(3) is incorrect $\rightarrow$ White phosphorus has six P-P single bonds. The rest of the statements are factually correct.
answered Jul 14, 2014 by balaji.thirumalai

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