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The first ionization potentials of Na, Mg, Al and Si in order is best represented as?

(A) Na < Mg > Al < Si $\quad$ (B) Na > Mg > Al > Si $\quad$ (C) Na < Mg < Al > Si $\quad$ (D) Na > Mg < Al < Si
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Answer: Na < Mg > Al < Si
The electronic configurations are as follows: $_11Na (3s)^1, _12Mg(3s)^2, _13Al (3s)^2 (3p)^1, _14Si(3s)^2 (3p)^2$
The ionization energy of Mg will be larger than that of Na due to fully filled configuration $(3s)^2$
The ionization of Al will be smaller than that of Mg due to one electron extra than the stable configuration but smaller than Si due to increase in effective nuclear charge of Si.
$\Rightarrow$ Na < Mg > Al < Si
answered Jul 24, 2014 by balaji.thirumalai
edited Jul 24, 2014 by balaji.thirumalai
 

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