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Which of the following statements regarding the electron configuration in transition metals are TRUE?

(1) The general electron configuration for Period 5 is $1s^22s^22p^63s^23p^64s^23d^{10}4p^64s^24d^x$

(2) Zn, Cd and Hg are not considered d-block elements because d-orbitals are completely filled in the ground state as well as in its oxidized state

(3) Cu, Ag and Au should not be considered as a d-block element because they don't have partially filled d-orbitals

(4) The n value of the d sublevel of a transition element is one less than the period number

$\begin {array} {1 1} All\; statements\; are\; true \\ \text{Only (2), (3) and (4) are true, (1) is false} \\ \text{Only (2) and (4) are true, (1) and (3) are false} \\ \text{Only (2) and (3) are true, (1) and (4) are false} \end {array}$

1 Answer

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Answer: Only (2), (3) and (4) are true, (1) is false
(1) All transition elements in Period 5 will have a “base” configuration of $[Ar]5s^2$ , and will differ in the number of d electrons (i.e, x) $\rightarrow 1s^22s^22p^63s^23p^64s^23d^{10}4p^65s^24d^x$
(2), (3) and (4) are factually correct.
In the case of (2) and (3) despite the irregularities, in order to maintain a rational classification of elements, they are included in the d-block.
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