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A boy is riding a cycle with a speed of $5\sqrt3$m/s towards east along a straight line.It starts raining with a speed of 15m/s in the vertical direction.What is the direction of rainfall as seen by the boy.

$\begin{array}{1 1}30^{\large\circ}\\20^{\large\circ}\\10^{\large\circ}\\50^{\large\circ}\end{array} $

1 Answer

Answer : $30^{\large\circ}$
Let us denote Earth, boy and rain with symbols A, B and C respectively. The question here provides the velocity of B and C with respect to A (Earth).
We need to determine the direction of rain (C) with respect to boy (B)
For the boy(B),the rain appears to fall,making an angle $"\theta"$ with the vertical (-y direction).
$\Rightarrow \tan\theta=\large\frac{V_{BA}}{V_{CA}}$
$\Rightarrow \large\frac{5\sqrt 3}{15}$
$\Rightarrow \large\frac{1}{\sqrt 3}$
$\Rightarrow \tan\theta=\tan 30^{\large\circ}$
answered Aug 13, 2014 by sreemathi.v

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