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<div>Species diversity decreases as we move away from the equator towards the poles. What could be t

Species diversity decreases as we move away from the equator towards the poles. What could be the possible reasons?

Species diversity decreases as we move from equator towards poles due to the following reasons:

1 Answer

a. Temperate areas have undergone frequent glaciations in the past killing most of the species . However, no such disturbances occurred in the tropics where species continued to flourish and evolve undisturbed for millions of years.

b. Tropical environments are relatively more constant promoting  niche specialization and lead to greater species diversity.

c. Availability of more solar energy in the tropics contributes to higher productivity and in turn may contribute to greater diversity indirectly.
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