# What are female elephants called?

$\begin{array}{1 1} (a)\;Mares \\ (b)\; Sows \\ (c)\;Cows \\ (d)\; Dams \end{array}$

Both the female Asian and African elephant is referred to as a cow. The cows of the herd have a 22-month gestation period before they give birth to a single calf that weighs close to 200 pounds.The elephant herd is led by the oldest and largest female cow known as the matriarch.The rest of the herd is made up of the matriarch's other daughters and their calves.
They need to care for the needs of their herd, and be compassionate to their own herd as well as the members of other herds. If the elephant who is successful in doing this overpowers the existing matriarch, it is possible for that one to replace the older cow.This is reason female elephants are called cow.